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Das Programm im Wintersemester 2021/22

November 11, 2021, 12.15:

Kou Murayama (Tübingen): A reward-learning framework of knowledge acquisition: How we can integrate the concepts of curiosity, interest, and intrinsic-extrinsic rewards

Recent years have seen a considerable surge of research on interest-based engagement, examining how and why people are engaged in activities without relying on extrinsic rewards. However, the field of inquiry has been somewhat segregated into three different research traditions which have been developed relatively independently --- research on curiosity, interest, and trait curiosity/interest. The current talk sets out an integrative perspective; the reward-learning framework of knowledge acquisition. This conceptual framework takes on the basic premise of existing reward-learning models of information seeking: that knowledge acquisition serves as an inherent reward, which reinforces people’s information-seeking behavior through a reward-learning process. However, the framework reveals how the knowledge-acquisition process is sustained and boosted over a long period of time in real-life settings, allowing us to integrate the different research traditions within reward-learning models. The framework also characterizes the knowledge-acquisition process with four distinct features that are not present in the reward-learning process with extrinsic rewards --- (1) cumulativeness, (2) selectivity, (3) vulnerability, and (4) under-appreciation. The talk describes some evidence from our lab supporting these claims.

 

November 29, 2021, 15.00:

Alexandra M. Freund (Zürich): Exhaustion and Recovery: What’s motivation got to do with it?

How can the same activity, such as one hour of jogging, feel exhausting to some people while it recovers others? Although interindividual differences likely play a role, they cannot explain that that watching TV for hours is relaxing, yet simultaneously for the same person also exhausting, leaving them listless. What are the indicators that tell us that an activity has exhausted or recovered us? In this talk, I will present a motivational approach to exhaustion and recovery. At the core of this approach is the assumption that exhaustion fulfills primarily the function of signaling to the person that their current behavior does not yield sufficient progress on a given goal, prompting them to disengage from it. In the case of relaxation, the goal of the activity is often to relax, and starting to think of what else to do with one’s time, felling time to slow down and a decline in mood might motivate people to engage in different activities. I will present first empirical studies investigating the usefulness of this approach for understanding exhaustion and recovery processes, including age-related differences in exhaustion and recovery.

 

December 9, 2021, 15.00:

Tara Mandalaywala (University of Massachussetts Amherst): A kid's eye view of race and status

By 4 years of age, many children in the United States express awareness of racial stereotypes about social status, often expecting White people to live in nicer houses and have nicer possessions than Black people. Racial stereotypes about status are important because they are hypothesized to lay the foundation for prejudice and discrimination towards minoritized groups. However, little work has examined how racial stereotypes about status develop. In this talk I will describe three studies that examine whether stereotype expression is related to community racial or economic characteristics (Study 1), and ask whether developmental changes in basic cognitive processes might determine whether community characteristics affect stereotype development at all (Studies 2 and 3). The talk will conclude with a discussion of the limitations of current methods, and a call for more inclusive research that explores the development of status cognition across children from a wide range of social and economic backgrounds.

 

February 3, 2022; 15.00:

Cédric Girard-Buttoz (Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Leipzig): tba

 

February 17, 2022; 15.30:

Joey T. Cheng (York University): title tba

 

Organisationsteam

Dana Pefferle +49 551 3851-361 Kontakt Profil

James Stranks Kontakt Profil

Antonio Calapai

Antonio Calapai +49 551 3851-345 Kontakt Profil